Rosalba Carriera (1673-1757)
Born the daughter of a clerk and lace maker, Rosalba Carriera grew up to be one of the most successful female artists in history. Carriera began her began her career by painting miniature portraits on ivory to decorate the inside of snuffbox lids. In much of her work, Carriera focused on the everyday activities of women and the mythological themes connected with women’s lives. Carriera’s innovative approach to pastels popularized them for the use of serious portraiture. Though Carriera’s later years were marred by the emotional trauma of her sisters death and her loss of sight, her work influenced French portraitists Adélaïde Labille-Guiard and Louise Élisabeth Vigée Le Brun.