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On this site you find entries on important publications and laws that influenced modern European women’s history

The publications and laws were selected by the students. We cover the period  from the mid-eighteenth to the mid-twentieth century and mainly focus on texts and laws  from Britain, France and Germany. The entries are organized chronologically by the three centuries and the year the text was published or the law implemented.


Eighteenth Century (1760-1815)


 Émile or Treatise on Education (Émile, ou De l’éducation) (1862) by Jean-Jacques Rousseau

 Déclaration des Droits de la Femme et de la Citoyenne (Declaration of the Rights of Woman and of the Female Citizen) (1791) by Olympe de Gouge

 A Vindication of the Rights of Woman (1792) by Mary Wollstonecraft

Über die bürgerliche Verbesserung der Weiber (On the Civic Advancement of Women) (1792) by Theodor Gottlieb von Hippel

Nineteenth Century (1815-1914)


 L’Union Ouvrière (The Workers’ Union) (1843) by Flora Tristan

 A Doll’s House (1879) by Henrik Ibsen

 Die Frau und der Sozialismus (Women and Socialism) (1879) by August Bebel

Der Ursprung der Familie, des States und des Privateigentums (The Origin of the Family, the State and Private Property) (1884) by Friedrich Engels

 Die Waffen nieder! (Down with Weapons!) (1889) by Bertha von Suttner

 Die Gleichheit (Equality) (1892-1923)

 Vote for Women / The Suffragette / Britannia (1907-1918)


 The British Contagious Diseases Acts (1864, 1866, 1869)

The British Married Women’s Property Acts (1870 and 1882)

 The German Civil Code (Bürgerliches Gesetzbuch, BGB) (1900)


Twentieth Century (1914-1970)


 Call to the Women of All Nations (1915)

 Le Deuxième Sexe (The Second Sex) (1949) by Simone de Beauvoir



 The British Representation of the People Act (1918)